Oil and Gas Climate Initiative

Decarbonizing transport – low carbon fuels

Decarbonizing transport is key to all pathways to get to net zero.

The transport sector is responsible for almost a quarter of total energy-related COemissions. Around 75% of these emissions come from road transport. Another 22% comes from aviation and marine, but these emissions are harder to abate than road transport, which can more easily switch to alternative fuels or use electric power.

Decarbonizing shipping will require a range of solutions. OGCI is working on the development of low-carbon fuels, such as biofuels, ammonia, hydrogen and E-fuels. We have also supported the development of carbon capture for ships to capture emissions for storage. 

Aerial photo of Stena Impero SRD 03114
Shipping containers moving forwards

How shipping sector can cut CO2


  • Early pursuit of zero carbon fuels for new ships
  • Moderate uptake of interim and drop in fuels
  • Maximize decarbonization with carbon capture and alternative fuels 

Biofuels can help decarbonize shipping

Study shows potential:

  • Biomass for marine fuels could be part of a range of solutions
  • More legislative support is needed for volumes to ramp up
  • Sustainability is a key issue
Transport at a glance

Our impact

Transport sector

of energy-related CO2
0 %

Road transport

of transport sector CO2
0 %

Shipping and aviation

of transport sector CO2
0 %
See what we're doing

Read our latest progress report

Decarbonizing transport – low carbon fuels

Related resources

February 1, 2022

Big change is needed in the shipping industry to reach IMO emission reduction goals

September 15, 2021

Leadership to accelerate the energy transition

October 16, 2020

The feasibility study will evaluate the technical and economic challenges of capturing carbon dioxide at sea